Why is the World Facing a Medical Recruitment Crisis?
Ask any physician recruiter to forecast the rate of growth in their field and you’ll hear the same thing: the world is facing a medical recruitment crisis. According to the World Economic Forum, by 2030 we’ll see a shortage of 10 million healthcare professionals worldwide. Healthcare staffing agencies point out that the shortfall has critical economic and health implications in both lower-income countries and in the US. This crisis is the result of several interlinking factors, including the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, rapid population growth, and changes in health care systems.
Population growth straining resources
Obviously, healthcare systems are dependent on the resources available to them. When population growth increases but funds remain the same, it becomes much more difficult for healthcare organizations to provide the same level of care to each person. Medical recruitment companies report that this dynamic is already a leading source of budgetary constraints for healthcare providers, which can limit new staff acquisitions.
When a country experiences a large increase in population without a corresponding increase in healthcare funding, those who live in poverty or in rural areas may not have access to the same services or treatments as those who live in urban or wealthier areas. And with a growing wealth gap worldwide, population growth promises to exacerbate inequality and worsen poverty levels.
Training and medical recruitment challenges
An aging and expanding population has increased demand for physicians with specialized knowledge. The shifting demographics of the global population mean that the need for specialists in areas such as geriatrics, oncology, and mental health is expected to rise.
Unfortunately, the cost of training and retaining medical personnel is also rising. In the US, medical school tuitions discourage all but the wealthy or saddle students with debt that takes decades to pay off. A lack of faculty leads to scores of potential health care professionals being turned away altogether.
In the US, recruitment efforts have increasingly looked abroad for qualified practitioners, particularly to fill positions in rural areas. While this is proving successful at home, the practice is simply a matter of shifting an already depleted pool from poorer nations, a shift that further challenges nations struggling to remain economically viable. According to the New England Journal of Medicine, an estimated 50% of physicians in low and middle-income countries leave the health sector within 5 years of completing their training due to the lack of attractive employment opportunities.
And though prestige still surrounds the medical profession in the US and Europe, a negative reputation pervades much of the world. In India, for example, healthcare workers face dangerous working conditions and are often subject to violence as the needs of the population go largely unmet. That’s not to say that the problem is unheard of here at home. A survey of nurses recently found that, “during the pandemic, 44% reported experiencing physical violence and 68% reported experiencing verbal abuse.”
Worldwide, concerns of ill-treatment, long working hours and demanding workloads discourage many young professionals from pursuing a career in medicine. Medical recruitment companies report that this sort of determent has resulted in a significant shortfall in the pool of healthcare workers. And when facilities are understaffed, providers may become strained to the point of burnout, leading to decreased job satisfaction, higher turnover rates, and poorer quality of care for those accessing the healthcare system.
To address this global crisis, initiatives have been launched at both the national and international levels. At the national level, governments are increasingly investing in public health initiatives to attract more medical professionals, while international organizations are launching campaigns to raise awareness and funds to support medical recruitment.
Any physician recruiter knows that it’s essential for healthcare systems to be adequately staffed with highly qualified and motivated personnel in order to ensure access to quality medical care. Addressing the current medical recruitment crisis requires cohesive efforts on all fronts, from the use of healthcare staffing agencies to increased investment in training and retention of medical personnel.